Andrew Heath Barnard

WET Labs, Inc                                                                                              
Department of Research
P.O. Box 518
Philomath, OR 97370
(541) 929-5650
Fax: (541) 929-5277
andrew@wetlabs.com 


INTERESTS:
Physical/biological interactions in the euphotic zone, coastal ocean observing systems, inherent optical properties and relationships to biogeochemical variability, remote sensing, radiative transfer, interactions between the oceanic and terrestrial environments.

EDUCATION:
2001   Ph.D., Oregon State University, (Biological Oceanography). 
1993   M.S., Oregon State University, (Biological Oceanography). 
1990   B. S., University of South Carolina, magna cum laude, (Marine Science).


PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE:
2003–present: Senior Research Scientist, WET Labs, Inc.
2001–2003: Post-Doctoral Researcher, Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Science 
1996–2000: Research Assistant, Oregon State University, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences 
1996–1997: Consultant, WET Labs, Inc.
1993–1996: Marine Research Specialist, University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography. 


PUBLICATIONS:
Zaneveld, J.R.V., M.J. Twardowski, A.H. Barnard, and M.R. Lewis. Introduction to Radiative Transfer. In:
Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments, R.L. Miller, C.E. Del Castillo, and B.A. McKee, eds., Ch. 1, Springer, 2005.

Twardowski, M.J., M.R. Lewis, A.H. Barnard, and J.R.V. Zaneveld. In-Water Instrumentation and Platforms for
Ocean Color Remote Sensing Applications. In: Remote Sensing of Coastal Aquatic Environments, R.L. Miller,
C.E. Del Castillo, and B.A. McKee, eds., Ch. 4, Springer, 2005.

Jahnke, R., J. Bane, A. Barnard, J. Barth, F. Chavez, H. Dam, E. Dever, P. DiGiacomo, J. Edson, R. Geyer, S. Glenn, K. Johnson, M. Moline, J. O’Donnell, J. Oltman-Shay, O. Persson, O. Schofield, H. Sosik, and E.
Terrill. 2003. Coastal Observatory Research Arrays: A Framework for Implementation Planning, Skidaway
Institute of Oceanography Technical Report TR-03-01.


Dekshenieks, M.M., A.L. Aldredge, A.H. Barnard, E. Boss, J. Case, T.J. Cowles, P.L. Donaghay, L.B. Eisner, D.J. Gifford, C.F. Greenlaw, C. Herren, D.V. Holliday, D. Johnson, S. MacIntyre, D. McGehee, T.R. Osborn, M.J. Perry, R. Pieper, J.E.B. Rines, D.C. Smith, J.M. Sullivan, M.K. Talbot, M.S. Twardowski, A. Weidemann, and J.R.V. Zaneveld. Changes in characteristics, distribution and persistence of thin layers over a 48 hour period. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 261:1–19.

Stamnes, K., W. Li, B. Yan, H. Eide, A. Barnard, W.S. Pegau, and J.J. Stamnes. A new ocean color algorithm: Simultaneous retrieval of aerosol optical properties and chlorophyll concentrations. Applied Optics, 42:939–951. 

Boss, E., W.S. Pegau, A.H. Barnard, and J.R.V. Zaneveld. 2001. Spatial and temporal variability of absorption by dissolved material at a continental shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 9499–9508. 

Boss, E., W.S. Pegau, W.D. Gardner, J.R.V. Zaneveld, A.H. Barnard, M.S. Twardowski, G.C. Chang, and T.D. Dickey. 2001. Spectral particulate attenuation and particle size distribution in the bottom boundary layer of a continental shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 9509–9516.

Twardowski, M.S. and A.H. Barnard. 2001. Observing the ocean: sensing technology and observation platforms. Maritimes, 43(4).

Twardowski, M.S., E. Boss, J.B. Macdonald, W.S. Pegau, A.H. Barnard, and J.R.V. Zaneveld. 2001. A model for estimating bulk refractive index from the optical backscattering ratio and the implications for understanding particle composition in case I and case II waters. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 14,129–14,142.

Yoder, J.A., J.E. O’Reilly, A.H. Barnard, T.S. Moore, and C.M. Ruhsam. 2001. Variability in coastal zone color scanner (CZCS) Chlorophyll imagery of ocean margin waters off the US East Coast. Cont. Shelf Res., 21, 1191–1218.

Zaneveld, J.R.V, E. Boss, and A.H. Barnard. 2001. The influence of surface waves on measured and modeled irradiance profiles. Applied Optics, 40, 1442–1449.

Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, W.S. Pegau, J.L. Mueller, H. Maske, R. Lara-Lara, S. Alvarez-Borrego, R. Cervantes-Duarte, and E. Valdez-Holquin. 1999. The determination of PAR levels from absorption coefficient profiles at 490 nm. Ciencias Marinas, 25: 487–507. 

Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, and W.S. Pegau. 1999. Remotely sensed reflectance and the absorption coefficient: Closure and inversion. Applied Optics, 38, 5108–5117.

Pegau, W.S., J.R.V. Zaneveld, A.H. Barnard, H. Maske, S. Alvarez-Borrego, R. Lara-Lara, R. Cervantes-Duarte. 1999. Inherent optical properties in the Gulf of California. Ciencias Marinas, 25: 469–485.

Barnard, A.H., W.S. Pegau, and J.R.V. Zaneveld. 1998. Global relationships in the inherent optical properties of the oceans. J. Geophys. Res., 103:24,955–24,968.

Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, and W.S. Pegau. 1998. SeaWiFS ocean color in the Gulf of California: Validation. Ocean Optics XIV Conference Papers, Volume 2, Kailua-Kona, HI, November 10–13.

Boss, E., W.S. Pegau, J.R.V. Zaneveld, and A.H. Barnard. 1998. Spatial and temporal variability of absorption by dissolved material at a continental shelf. Ocean Optics XIV Conference Papers, Volume 2, Kailua-Kona, HI, November 10–13.

Pegau, W.S., A.H. Barnard, J.R.V. Zaneveld, J.L. Mueller, H. Maske, R. Lara-Lara, S. Alvarez-Borrego, E. Valdez-Holguin, and R. Cervantes-Duarte. 1998. Optical variability in the Gulf of California. Ocean Optics XIV Conference Papers, Volume 2, Kailua-Kona, HI, November 10–13.

Petrenko, A.A., J.R.V Zaneveld, W.S. Pegau, A.H. Barnard, and C.D. Mobley. 1998. Effects of a thin layer on reflectance and remote-sensing reflectance. Oceanography, 11, 44-47.

Zaneveld, J.R.V., A.H. Barnard, W.S. Pegau, and E. Boss. 1998. An investigation into the appropriate depth average of remotely sensed optical parameters. Ocean Optics XIV Conference Papers, Volume 2, Kailua-Kona, HI, November 10–13.

Zaneveld, J.R.V., W.S. Pegau, A.H. Barnard, J.L. Mueller, H. Maske, E. Valdez, R. Lara-Lara, and S. Alvarez-Borreo. 1997. Prediction of euphotic depths and diffuse attenuation coefficients from absorption profiles: A model based on comparison between vertical profiles of spectral absorption, spectral irradiance, and PAR. SPIE, 2963: 585–590.

Barnard, A.H., P.M. Stegmann, and J.A. Yoder. 1996. Seasonal surface ocean variability in the South Atlantic Bight derived from CZCS and AVHRR imagery. Cont. Shelf Res., 17, 1181–1206.

Bisagni, J., J. O’Reilly, A.H. Barnard, and C. Wolfteich. 1996. Determination of optimal aerosol thickness ratios over the Gulf of Maine. Cont. Shelf Res., 17, 635–654.

INVITED PRESENTATIONS:
2003—Temporal variability in ecosystem structure in the Maine Coastal Current as observed by the Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS), University of Minnesota Duluth, Large Lakes Observatory
2002—The Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS), Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Science.
2001—Internal waves in a shallow water fjord detected using high spatial resolution visible remote sensing imagery, University of Maine, School of Marine Science.
2001—An overview of the Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System, Ocean Color Research Team Meeting, NASA, San Diego, CA.
1999—Relationships between the inherent optical properties (IOP), biogeochemical parameters, and the remotely sensed radiance, NASA SeaWiFS Science Team Meeting, Monterey, CA.

OTHER PRESENTATIONS:
2004–Bio-fouling prevention of bio-optical sensors: data from long-term ocean mooring deployments, presented at the AGU 2004 Ocean Sciences Conference, Jan. 26–30, Portland, OR.
2004—The use of multi-parameter bio-optical instrumentation systems for long-term observations of ecosystem community structure, presented at the ASLO/TOS Ocean Research 2004 confernce, Feb. 15–20, Honolulu, HI.
2003—Temporal variability in the remotely sensed reflectance in the Eastern Maine Coastal Current as observed by the Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS), American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, (Barnard, A.H. and C.S. Roesler)
2000—Remote sensing in turbid shallow water environments: Feature characterization and spatial correlations, Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, Sixth International Conference, Charleston, SC. (Barnard, A.H., W.S. Pegau, W.D. C.S. Roesler, A. Weidemann, C.O. Davis, and W.J. Rhea)
2000—Hyperspectral remote sensing imagery and the detection of subsurface features, Ocean Optics XV, Monaco. (Barnard, A.H., W.S. Pegau, A. Weidemann, C.O. Davis, J.R.V. Zaneveld, and W.J. Rhea) 
1999—Assessing a key implicit assumption in ocean color remote sensing algorithms: Optical homogeneity, Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Santa Fe, NM. (Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, W.S. Pegau, and T.J. Cowles)
1998 SeaWiFS ocean color in the Gulf of California: Validation, Ocean Optics XIV, Kialua-Kona, HI. (Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, J.L. Mueller, W.S. Pegau, and C.C. Trees)
1998—Bio-optical maps derived from ocean color imagery using a backscattering independent algorithm, Ocean Sciences, San Diego, CA. (Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, and W.S. Pegau)
1997—Comparison of inherent optical properties across a variety of oceanic regimes for application to remote sensing, Aquatic Sciences Meeting, Santa Fe, NM. (Barnard, A.H., J.R.V. Zaneveld, and W.S. Pegau)
1996—Surface-ocean variability in the shelf waters off North and South Carolina derived from long time-series of CZCS and AVHRR satellite imagery, Ocean Sciences, San Diego, CA. (Barnard, A.H., J.A. Yoder, and P. Stegmann)
1995 Surface ocean variability in the South Atlantic Bight derived from long time-series of CZCS and AVHRR satellite imagery, The Oceanography Society, Newport, RI. (Barnard, A.H., J.A. Yoder, and P. Stegmann)
1990—The feeding behavior of a sub-tidal brittlestar, Microphiopholis gracillima, Southeastern Estuarine Research Society, Columbia, SC. (Barnard, A.H., S. Stancyk, and W. Hobson) 


TEACHING EXPERIENCE:
2003—Real time coastal observing systems for ecosystem dynamics and harmful algal blooms, Villefrance, France. Lectured on the processing of inherent and apparent optical property data collected using in situ instrumentation and the Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System.
2002—Guest lecturer, Bigelow Seminar Series, University of New England. Lectured on “Coastal ocean observing systems: The Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System (GoMOOS).” 
2000—Lecturer, AC-9 Training Workshop, Oregon State University. International workshop on the use and maintenance of the WET Labs Inc. spectral absorption and beam attenuation meter (AC-9). 
1996—Teachings Assistant to Dr. Terri King, Geological Oceanographic Data Analysis, University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography. 
1993-96—UNIX technical support workshops, University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography. Taught several UNIX operating system sessions for the biological remote sensing group describing system basics. 
1990-91—Graduate Teaching Assistant to Dr. Jeff Gonor, Introduction to Oceanography, Oregon State University, College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences. 


RESEARCH CRUISE EXPERIENCE:
2003 GoMOOS mooring service cruise, R/V Argo Maine.
2002 GoMOOS mooring service cruise, R/V Argo Maine.
2001 GoMOOS mooring service cruise, R/V Argo Maine.
2001 ECOHAB/GoMOOS cruise, R/V Cape Hatteras.
2001 GoMOOS deployment cruise, R/V Connecticut.
1999 Marine Optical Characterization Experiment 5 (NASA/NOAA sponsored), R/V Melville.
1998 Persistent structure (NSF/NASA sponsored), R/V Wecoma.
1998 East Sound Thin Layers/Overflight (ONR sponsored), R/V Barnes.
1998 East Sound Thin Layers (ONR sponsored).
1997 Persistent structure (NSF/NASA sponsored), R/V Wecoma.
1997 Coastal Mixing and Optics (ONR sponsored), R/V Knorr.
1996 Coastal Mixing and Optics (ONR sponsored), R/V Seward Johnson.
1996 East Sound Thin Layers (ONR sponsored). 


WORKSHOPS ATTENDED:
2004   NSF Sensors Workshop at MBARI, Sept. 2004.
2003   Real time coastal observing systems for ecosystem dynamics and harmful algal blooms, Villefrance, France.
2003   Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System Team Meeting, Portland, ME.
2002   Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System Team Meeting, Portland, ME.
2001   RARGOM/GoMOOS Workshop, Woods Hole, MA.
1999   NASA SIMBIOS Team meeting, Annapolis, MD.
1999   NASA SeaWiFS algorithms mini-workshop, Greenbelt, MD.
1999   NASA SeaWiFS Science Team meeting. Monterrey, CA.
1997   NASA SIMBIOS Team meeting, Greenbelt, MD.
1996   NASA SeaWiFS Bio-optical protocols round robin workshop, Silver Springs, MD.
1994   NASA SeaWiFS/SeaDAS training workshop, Greenbelt, MD.


AWARDS:
1991–1992 NASA Global Change Fellowship, Oregon State University

JOURNAL/PROSOPAL REVIEWER:
Applied Optics; Continental Shelf Research; Estuaries; Journal of Geophysical Research; Optics Express; NASA; NOAA; Space Research Organization, Netherlands.